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Monday, October 2, 2023

Which Quotation Type Reigns Supreme? Endnotes vs Footnotes

There’s usually confusion with endnotes vs footnotes, and when to make use of one as an alternative of the opposite. They form of look the identical however they serve totally different features.

A footnote is an in-text quotation discovered within the footer of the web page.

You’ll understand it’s a footnote while you see a superscript quantity (a small, raised quantity) subsequent to a phrase or chart, which hyperlinks to a brief quotation on the backside of the web page.  The footnote will include extra context or data.

What’s an Endnote?

An endnote is an in-text quotation discovered on the finish of the chapter or doc. 

Just like a footnote, an endnote offers the reader extra details about a subject. Nevertheless, their location on the finish of a chapter permits for them to include extra content material than a footnote as there’s extra space than on the backside of the web page. 

Endnotes and footnotes are citations, and so they each present extra data to readers with out interrupting the circulation of phrases.

Basically, citations are required when writing a tutorial paper or analysis research. They’re additionally anticipated for essays, sure non-fiction books, and journal articles.

Which quotation you go along with usually is determined by the type you’re writing to so take a second to test the type necessities and turn out to be conversant in their prefered quotation methodology.

For those who aren’t utilizing many citations and so they’re quick, then footnotes are tremendous. In case you have longer citations and require extra area, then endnotes could serve you higher.

Basically, using footnotes in most educational writing is now thought of a bit outdated and has been changed by endnotes, that are a lot simpler to put in your paper, even with the appearance of phrase processing packages. Nevertheless, some disciplines, similar to regulation and historical past, nonetheless predominantly make the most of footnotes.

USC Libraries Analysis Guides

The format you employ is determined by what you’re writing (books, articles, essays, and so on. have totally different necessities) and what type you’re utilizing. Nevertheless, citations include comparable components: 

  • A superscript quantity throughout the physique of textual content, which corresponding quantity incorporates extra data
  • A web page quantity or reference, which tells you the supply of the data throughout the textual content 

Right here’s an instance of a quotation: 

1. Carolyn Kay, Artwork and the German Bourgeoisie: Alfred Lichtwark and Trendy Portray in Hamburg, 1886-1914 (Toronto: College of Toronto Press, 2002), 100.

Novels that Use Citations

Many non-fiction works use quotation, however do you know some fiction work use them too? In these circumstances, authors make the most of footnotes or endnotes to introduce readers to a brand new world with extra commentary. Citations also can add understanding to a personality or a topic, making the story much more attention-grabbing. 

Right here’s a number of examples of novels that make the most of citations: 

The Mezzanine by Nicholson Baker (2020)

This quick novel makes use of footnotes to inform the unstated ideas of a person on his lunch break. The writer provides footnotes to provide us an perception into the narrator’s thoughts, drawing out his frustrations, ideas, and expressions. 

Loopy Wealthy Asians by Kevin Kwan (2013)

The satirical novel that made us fall in love and giggle on the similar time additionally used extreme footnotes, which acted as witty interjections. Being a novel centered on the money-powered households of East Asia, the footnotes provide a mixture of gossip and affirmations for the reader to consult with all through. 

Jonathan Unusual & Mr Norrell by Susanna Clarke (2004)

On this novel, footnotes are used to find out which characters get to take up the vast majority of the physique textual content, and which of them merely reside on the backside of the web page. That is a technique authors can use footnotes to put significance (or lack of) on sure characters or objects.

Endnotes and footnotes serve so as to add data and context for readers to assist deepen their understanding on a subject. Whereas footnotes are shorter and sit throughout the web page footer, endnotes are sometimes longer and are discovered on the finish of a chapter or part.  In relation to endnotes vs footnotes, which do you like?

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